John Hoeven was born in Bismarck, N.D., where he currently resides. He earned a bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College and a master's degree at Northwestern University.
Hoeven was hired in May 1993 as president of the Bank of North Dakota, the nation's only state-owned bank. He resigned in June 2000 to seek the Republican nomination for governor.
Hoeven was elected governor in 2000, winning re-elected in 2004 and 2008. He announced in January 2010 that he would run for the U.S. Senate after the incumbent, Democrat Byron Dorgan, announced he would not seek re-election. Hoeven was elected to the Senate in 2010.
Hoeven and his wife, Mikey, have two adult children.
John Hoeven was the nation's longest-serving governor before he was elected to the U.S. Senate in November 2010, defeating Democrat Tracy Potter with 76 percent of the vote. Hoeven, a Republican, got into the race after incumbent Democrat Byron Dorgan, a senator for almost 18 years, said he would not run for re-election.
Hoeven emphasized tax cuts, reductions in the national debt and business growth incentives during his campaign, and he has stuck to those themes as a senator.
He has gained some national prominence with his advocacy of the Keystone XL pipeline, which is intended to bring crude oil from Canada's Alberta province to refineries on the U.S. Gulf Coast. President Barack Obama's administration has stalled approval of the pipeline.
Keystone XL itself does not go across North Dakota, but Hoeven says feeder lines leading to it could be used to carry some of the state's own burgeoning oil production. The state's oil output has increased fivefold in recent years, and North Dakota is now the nation's No. 2-producing state, behind Texas.
Hoeven also has helped to broker a bipartisan Senate deal on a new five-year federal farm bill, legislation that is of intense interest in one of the nation's most agricultural states. Senators approved their version of the farm bill in June 2012 with less budget savings — $24 billion — than Obama or the U.S. House wanted. In late July 2012, Republican House leaders were attempting to marshal enough support to get the farm bill approved in their chamber.
His 2010 election to the Senate, and the triumph of Fargo state Rep. Rick Berg over incumbent Democratic U.S. Rep. Earl Pomeroy that same year, gave North Dakota Republicans their first presence in the state's three-person congressional delegation since 1986. That year, then-state Tax Commissioner Kent Conrad defeated incumbent Mark Andrews, a longtime Republican powerhouse in the U.S. House and Senate.
Hoeven was one of North Dakota's most popular governors. He won his last two elections for governor with more than 70 percent of the vote. His re-election in 2008 marked the first time any North Dakota governor had been elected to three four-year terms.
Hoeven governed North Dakota during a prosperous time in the state's boom-and-bust history, when bountiful oil tax collections shielded state government from the budget woes common in other states. He was viewed as a moderate Republican, seeking some of the biggest spending increases in state history to raise teacher salaries and the budgets of North Dakota's 11 public colleges.
He championed a "centers of excellence" grant program to encourage commercial development of college research. He opposed a 2008 ballot measure to cut state income taxes by half and corporate taxes by 15 percent, instead favoring much smaller reductions and a rebate plan that was aimed at lowering local property taxes.
Committee Assignments: Appropriations; Energy and Natural Resources; Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry; Indian Affairs
American Conservative Union Rating: 80
Americans for Democratic Action Rating: 15
John Hoeven is not up for re-election in 2014.
(Last updated by The Associated Press on June 13, 2014.)