Shelley Moore Capito was born in Glen Dale, W.Va., and grew up in West Virginia's Northern Panhandle. She moved to Charleston when her father, Arch A. Moore Jr., was elected governor in 1968. She now resides in Charleston.
Capito earned a bachelor's degree in zoology from Duke University in 1975 and a master's in education from the University of Virginia in 1976.
She worked as a career counselor at West Virginia State College before her election to the state Legislature in 1996.
Capito was elected to the U.S. House in 2000.
She and her husband, Charles, have three children.
Shelley Moore Capito has emerged as West Virginia's most electable Republican as she seeks a seventh U.S. House term amid talk of a future bid for governor or U.S. Senate.
Her tenure in Congress has helped earn her the chairmanship of the Financial Institution and Consumer Credit Subcommittee of the House Committee on Financial Services. In this leadership role, she has become a vocal critic of President Barack Obama's administration's policies and proposed regulations.
A member of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, Capito was picked in 2012 to the conference committee assigned to negotiate the massive transportation funding bill. She previously served as a GOP conferee for legislation to overhaul regulation of the nation's financial services industry.
Capito has accused President Obama and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of a "radical anti-coal agenda" through proposed energy policies and the handling of mining-related permits. A vocal opponent of cap-and-trade carbon emissions legislation, she was among the House GOP's contingent to the 2009 United Nations climate change conference in Copenhagen.
Capito voted in 2008 against the federal bailout of the financial industry, saying she had concerns about its effectiveness. She joined fellow Republicans in voting against the 2009 economic stimulus bill. She similarly weighed in with her caucus against the 2010 health care reform bill.
Capito supported President George W. Bush and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. She was a co-sponsor of the Medicare prescription drug benefit legislation that was signed into law in late 2003.
Her father, Arch Moore, had similarly become a dominant player in West Virginia as a multiterm congressman and three-term governor. Though convicted of corruption-related felonies in the 1980s, Moore remains revered in some Republican circles and the pedigree aided his daughter's political start. She is named after her mother, who was well liked as first lady.
Capito's political career began when she was elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1996. She served two terms before running for Congress.
When she joined the U.S. House, she became the first West Virginia Republican to serve in the chamber since 1982. She remains the sole woman in the state's delegation.
Committee Assignments: Financial Services; Transportation and Infrastructure
American Conservative Union Rating: 60
Americans for Democratic Action Rating: 15
Shelley Moore Capito is not seeking re-election in West Virginia's 2nd Congressional District. Capito won her May 2014 primary for West Virginia's Senate seat, she will face Natalie Tennant in November.
(Last updated by The Associated Press on June 9, 2014.)