Tim Scott was born and resides in North Charleston, S.C. He earned a bachelor's degree in political science from Charleston Southern University in 1988.
Scott says he was flunking out of ninth grade before he met a Chick-fil-A franchise operator who became his mentor and helped put him on a path that kept him in school and grounded him in business.
Prior to his election to Congress in 2010, Scott owned an Allstate insurance agency, served on the company's national advisory board and co-chaired that group's financial services committee. He was also a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group LLC.
First elected in 1995 to the Charleston County Council, Scott was selected to chair the body in 2007. He was the first black Republican elected countywide in Charleston since Reconstruction ended.
Scott is single.
Tim Scott downplays the historic nature of his political ascent in South Carolina. He was elected to the Charleston County Council and then to the state House, becoming the first black Republican elected to either body since the end of Reconstruction.
In November 2010, Scott also became the first black Republican to represent South Carolina in the U.S. House since the end of Reconstruction. He filled the 1st District seat vacated by retiring U.S. Rep Henry Brown. The last black Republican to serve in the House prior to Scott was Oklahoma's J.C. Watts, who retired in 2003.
He faces Democrat Bobbie Rose, a teacher and business owner, in the November 2012 election.
In Congress, Scott has become a tea party favorite. In July 2011, he took on a visible role when the National Labor Relations Board sued over Boeing's decision to locate an assembly plant in South Carolina — in Scott's district — to avoid unions. Scott asked President Barack Obama to intervene in the dispute and introduced legislation in July 2011 to prevent the NLRB from closing down plants or ordering companies to transfer employment.
Along with U.S. Reps. Trey Gowdy and Joe Wilson, Scott participated in the U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government's meeting in North Charleston over the project.
Scott has said he wants to dismantle the 2010 health care reform bill, which he says costs too much and is unconstitutional. He strongly disagreed with the June 2012 decision by the Supreme Court upholding the legislation. He has promised to cut federal spending and simplify the federal tax code, which he says is the product of too much lobbying and too many lawyers.
In the run-up to South Carolina's GOP presidential primary in 2012, Scott hosted many of the contenders at town hall meetings in his district.
South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford pushed in 2007 for Scott to replace Republican then-Treasurer Thomas Ravenel, who faced federal drug charges. The Legislature instead picked one of its own members.
Scott was mulling a bid for lieutenant governor in 2009, before eventually deciding to run for Congress.
He won the 2010 primary, defeating Paul Thurmond, son of the late U.S. Sen. Strom Thurmond, in a runoff with 68 percent of the vote.
Scott had key endorsements along the way, including from former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin and the Washington-based Club for Growth. He won the general election with 65 percent of the vote, defeating Democrat Ben Frasier.
Committee Assignments: Rules
American Conservative Union Rating: 96
Americans for Democratic Action Rating: 0
Tim Scott won his June 2014 primary, he will face Joyce Dickerson in the November special election.
(Last updated by The Associated Press on June 17, 2014.)